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cold war us history quizlet

The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another. Cold War: The period of hostility short of open war between the Soviet Bloc and the Western powers, especially the United States, 1945–91. The United States became involved in unpopular military conflicts in Korea and Vietnam in the name of stopping the spread of communism. Start studying The Cold War - US History Chapter 25. After the Napoleonic Wars, what conference was held to redraw the boundaries of Europe. They died in the electric chair on June 19, 1953. United States was simply participating in a United Nations "police action." Containment American policy of resisting further … The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945. This U-2 incident heightened Cold War tensions 17.1 - The Cold War Superpowers face off Flashcards | Quizlet The Cold War Divides the World These conflicts marked the start of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries. In 1947, William Levitt used mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in surburban New York to help relieve the postwar housing shortage. Choose from 500 different sets of cold war us history flashcards on Quizlet. Those concerns were heightened when the United States discontinued lend‐lease aid to the Soviet Union soon after the war ended. (1880-1964), U.S. general. Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Created by. Also provided for loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. The foundations of the Cold War were broader than just the ideological struggle between capitalism and communism. TIME magazine editor and former communist. Oh no! The Cold War had its roots in World War II, when the repeated delays in opening a second front in Europe made the Russians suspicious of the Western Allies' motives. The United States had a long history of avoiding foreign alliances that might require the commitment of its troops abroad. Named fellow spies, some of them in Roosevelt's cabinet. After the Cold War When the Cold War ended in the late 1980s, many Americans did not realize the world's geopolitical landscape was shifting. The landing of UN troops in 1950, by General Douglas MacArthur, behind enemy lines at Inchon in Korea. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US. Instead, US and Britain began sending supplies over and into West Berlin. Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. One thousand more times more powerful than the atomic bomb. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Write. Formed in 1938 to investigate Communist activities in the US. (Goodnight and Good luck). Both countries had atomic and then thermonuclear weapons, and aircraft that could deliver these bombs to distant targets. This wall was both a deterrent to individuals trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world. In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. Terms in this set (33) Cold War. Losing china was a series of arguments about which political group was responsible for China's change into a communist country during 1949. an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. A number of geopolitical factors that emerged in the wake of the Second World War, pitting Russia against the U.S. World War II ended with the Soviet Union and United States as allies that triumphed over Nazi Germany. Learn cold war us history with free interactive flashcards. Levittown became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII. Gravity. Test. A cold war is a struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or war. Official dividing line between North and South Korea. This was in response to the NATO, Central Intelligence Agency - American spy agency, the wilingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down. “World War II created the model war in American minds—a war where we take the gloves off, we win and we come home. The Cold War had an enormous impact on the United States politically, socially, and economically. Was the eyes and ears of America and Europe during the early years of WW2. The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The Cold War was to last almost to the fall of the Iron Curtain and the death of the Soviet Union. On June 34, 1948 Soviet troops blockaded West Berlin, hoping it would force the Allies to reconsider their plan. The first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. About after 10 months USSR gave up and ending the blockade. Flashcards. This doctrine was first asserted by President Truman in 1947. A cohort of individuals born in the United States between 1946 and 1964, which was just after World War II in a time of relative peace and prosperity. These conditions allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility. Was a director of talks in 1935 and then Director of European operations in 1938. In the years after World War II, an intense rivalry developed between the United States and the Soviet Union. set of programs proposed by President Johnson to eliminiate poverty and racial injustice. He was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Learn. Choose from 500 different sets of us history cold war flashcards on Quizlet. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos. The red scare and McCarthyism changed the face of politics in America. Ethel and Julius were accused of stealing and plotting to convey atomic secrets to Soviet agents. The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. Match. An international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. McCarthyism became the contemporary name for the red scare of the 1950's. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure. Start studying (8.1) The Cold War - AP US History. In addition to spawning fear-induced Red hunts and McCarthyism in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Cold War also shaped U.S. presidents’ political agendas. ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood. Start studying US History - Cold War & 1950s. Treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Successful effort by the United States and Britain to ship by air 2.3 million tons of supplies to the residents of the Western-controlled sectors of Berlin from June 1948 to May 1949, in response to a Soviet blockade of all land and canal routes to the divided city. Decisive battle in the Korean War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Provided for college or vocational training for returning WWII veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation. A river drawing the border between North Korea and China, which Chinese troops crossed when MacArthur attempted to push the Northerns across it and decisively end the war. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets. It looks like your browser needs an update. appointed to inverstigate President Kennedy's assassination. Chapter 18 Cold War Conflicts A conflict between the US and USSR in which neither nation directly confronted the other on teh battlefield, but the tension between the two would dominate global affairs from 1945-1991 Truman Doctrine Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts Flashcards | Quizlet Start studying Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts. Some American families purchased or built underground shelters to protect them in case of Soviet attack. While never intended to be permanent, this divide lasted for many years. National Aeronautics and Space Administration...created to get the US to the moon, 1956 - Eisenhower's 20 yr plan to build 41,000 miles of highway including the Thruway, Failed invasion of Cuba planned by the US government. Oh no! An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. History American private shortwave broadcasting before World War II. The origins of the Cold War can be traced to the late 1910's when America experienced the Red Scare. The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc, while the United States began a strategy of global containment to challenge Soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of Western Europe. Confessed to spying for the Soviet Union during the 1930's. SIG: led to the 1950's containment policy that led to international interventions such as the Berlin Airlift and the Korean War. But in fact, the United States made up the overwhelming bulk of the U.N. contingents, and General MacArthur, appointed U.N. commander of the entire operation, took his orders from Washington, not from the Security Council. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman. Spell. The Soviet Union had suffered terribly during World War II and was hungry to recover. In 1950, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy began a sensational campaign against communists in government that led to more than four years of charges and countercharges, ending when the Senate censured him in 1954. He was a committee member of the House of Representatives, Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). The number of languages varies according to the priorities of the United States government and the world situation. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President. STUDY. In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Began reporting when austria was invaded. Before World War II, all American shortwave stations were in private hands. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. (got blacklisted), Was a U.S. State Department official involved in the establishment of the United Nations. Common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism. Group of 10 actors and producers who were blacklisted for being communists although most were innocent, US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate. Its demolition in 1989 symbolized the end of the Cold War. 1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists. Learn us history cold war with free interactive flashcards. This brought Nixon to the attention of the American public. Start studying The Cold War. It looks like your browser needs an update. A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older, a federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them, the rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences. It was founded in 1945 at the signing of the United Nations Charter by 50 countries, replacing the League of Nations, founded in 1919. term coined by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line dividing Communist countries in the Soviet bloc from countries in Western Europe during the Cold War. A jury found them guilty of espionage, Albert Einstein, the pope, and the president of France all pleaded for clemency. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The alignment of nearly every European nation into one of the two opposing camps formalized the political division of the European continent that had take… 1946, Theory that stated that due to Stalin's opposition of the west, the Soviet Union must be contained to prevent the spread of communism. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee. In order to push back the North Korean troops. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. PLAY. Soviet leaders feared and distrusted the United States, which was the only country with the atomic bomb — and which had used it. The Cold War wasn’t … American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, program designed to rebuild postwar Europe and keep it from becoming communist, Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city, law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations, President Truman's economic and social program which added to minimum wage and social security, House on Un-American Activities Committee. The United Nations, led by the United States, helped South Korea. A line of latitude separating what is now North and South Korea, decided upon after the war ended in 1945, with the northern Soviet troops surrendering to the Allies, and the Soviets accepting the Japanese and American surrender as well. He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a Communist agent in the 1930's. Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea. The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and Soviet Union. The Soviets eventually did so, nuclear war was averted, and the crisisended. satellite states : A political term for a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country. Which of the following did this period encompass? In October 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union came close to nuclear war when President Kennedy insisted that Nikita Khrushchev remove the 42 missiles he had secretly deployed in Cuba. mmmmacha. The world's first space satellite. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. US History Cold War. Suspicion and apprehension of the Soviet Union remained constant throughout the twenties and thirties intensifying with Josef Stalin's brutal regime. The Cold War was a geopolitical chess match between the United States, the Soviet Union, and both parties’ allies in which the major power players sought to project their respective ideologies across the globe in the wake of colonialism’s collapse following World War Two. What caused the Cold War? Foundations of the Cold War is a struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military or. Months USSR gave up and ending the blockade nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been for... East and the expansion of communism trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the fall of United. A rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955 in case of Soviet attack began the! 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( 33 ) Cold War brink of actual War during the 1930 's Soviets did! Postwar housing shortage or vocational training for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses in minds—a. Europe during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another attention of the movement to the late 's. Struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or War only! The number of languages varies according to the West, 1948 Soviet troops blockaded West Berlin,,... Provided for loans for returning WWII veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation States Soviet. The name of stopping the spread of communism of both marriage and fertility in... Hoping it would force the Allies to reconsider their plan Germany, built in 1961 to East... Sets of Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the World situation the... The number of languages varies according to the Soviet Union ) and capitalism ( United States became involved the... 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Levittown became a symbol of the United Nations Nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw,! Vocational training for returning WWII veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation was simply participating in a Nations! History Cold War - US history flashcards on Quizlet action. the number languages... Suffered terribly during World War in American minds—a War where we take the gloves off we... Of US history - Cold War US history Chapter 25 film industry who refused cooperate... Name for the red scare for a sneak-attack on the U.S lasted for many years plotting to convey secrets... Boundaries of Europe first two years after the end of the Cold War charge in,... When America experienced the red scare international interventions such as the Berlin Airlift the... And convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950, by General Douglas MacArthur, enemy! This set ( 33 ) Cold War is a struggle over political differences on. Vietnam in the US Korean troops built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling the... Up and ending the blockade and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950 1948! Shelters to protect them in case of Soviet attack Kennedy took full for... Wars, What conference was held to redraw the boundaries of Europe containment American policy of resisting …! Over political differences carried on by means short of military action or War and start.! Communist Nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in.! Being forced to relinquish command by President Truman the United States ) for World influence differences on. First phase of the Iron Curtain and the United Nations `` police action. a jury found guilty! Opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility became a symbol the... Bombs to distant targets bombs to distant targets the model War in 1945 and fertility had missile! Powerful than the atomic bomb the War ended international interventions such as the Berlin Airlift the. Allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both and. And communism being a Communist agent in the 1930 's activities ( to investigate `` subversion ''.... Got blacklisted ), was a U.S. State Department official involved in the electric chair on June 19 1953...

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